Content and documentation

FSTD Evaluators Course Content

The course is a blend of classroom lectures, interactive exercises, and practical hands-on exercises on Level D FSTD's.  The classroom lectures are used for in-depth study of the EASA rules (CS FSTD, Part ARA & ORA), the Joint Aviation Requirements (JAR-FSTD), and the FAA’s CFR Part 60 including their relationships, covering the evaluation and qualification of all types of FSTD's.  Other countries regulations are discussed, as appropriate, and compared to CS FSTD, JAR-FSTD & CFR Part 60 according to the nationality of the students.  The study ranges from Full Flight Simulators (FFS's), through Flight Training Devices (FTD's), Flight & Navigation Procedure Trainers (FNPT's) to Other Training Devices (OTD's) such as Basic Instrument Training Devices (BITD's).

Both fixed-wing and rotary-wing requirements are covered.

Subject matter included in the course includes;

  • The origin, development and transition to current regulations and standards
  • The historical function, structure and responsibilities of the JAA & EASA vs. other National Aviation Authorities (NAA's)
  • Not just the Rules & Standards and where to find them, we focus on the intent of them and how they work together.
  • The differences between EASA, FAA and JAR Rules & Standards and how to deal with AMC situations.
  • FSTD Joint Implementation Procedures (JIP)—the principle and methodology of Standardization Teams.
  • All related documentation for the evaluation and qualification of a FSTD
  • The regulatory document format and the use of its parts for all items including the intent of the Regulations.
  • Qualification Test Guide (QTG) requirements and their relationship to Acceptance Test Guides
  • The process and good practices for running QTG's
  • Hands-on practical QTG exercises run as both automatic and pilot-flown
  • The analysis of results obtain from QTG tests, and how to rationalize them
  • Performing Functional and Subjective tests including the development of a F&S test profile
  • Planning a Qualification evaluation.
  • Visual systems using test patterns and equipment (also demonstrated and evaluated in the FSTD).
  • Review of the requirements of a Compliance Monitoring/Quality System with practical examples of an approved CMM.
  • FSTD Data issues: "flown" data, substitute data, engineering data.
  • Regulatory requirements for updating, modifying and moving FSTD's
  • Special issues related to helicopter FSTD's
  • ICAO 9625 issue 3 and above development, it's implications, and what must be done to adopt these guidelines
  • Future developments in both technology, standards and regulations

During the practical exercises on Level D FSTD's, typically 12 hours for the 5 day course and 16 hours for the 6 day course on a selection of qualified operating simulators, we guide the students on  how to prepare for evaluations, how to run QTG's, and how to analyze the results obtained, both for automatic and pilot-flown QTG checks.  The students perform the QTG checks with instructor guidance, a true hands-on experience.

In addition, the students are set a practical evaluation exercise (mock special evaluation) whereby they are given (in teams) a scenario typical to those with which an inspector would be faced.  The teams are set the task of evaluating an actual simulator, analyzing the results/findings, and writing a report.  They are then require to present this report to the the simulator operator, which is the role TTI plays in this scenario, and making a decision as to the qualification of the FSTD.  We try to make this as real-world as possible !!

Course Documentation

The documentation provided with the course will provide each student with a copy of each of the EASA, FAA and JAR regulatory documents covering fixed and rotary wing aircraft. We provide these in electronic format with custom bookmarks for easy searching, plus one each of TTI's custom hard copy of EASA Rules & EASA CS-FSTD small format booklets.  In addition the student will receive a copy of Volume 1 and Volume 2 of the Royal Aeronautical Society’s "Simulator Evaluator’s Handbook" as applicable to current rules, plus the Student Notes specially produced by TTI which contains thumbnails of every presentation slide used by instructors.